PFOA & PFAS: Important Information About Drinking Water

What are "PFAS"?

Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) are an emerging group of omnipresent compounds that can be found in products treated to make them non-stick, notably food packaging, carpets, leather and apparel, textiles, paper and packaging materials, and non-stick cookware. It has spread throughout the environment and been found in soil and water.

  • Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) are the most common of these PFAS compounds and have been detected in drinking water sources. 
  • In 2021 the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) enacted a limit for PFOA in 2021 of 14 parts per trillion (ppt), the most stringent limit in the country. They have enacted limits for other PFAS compounds as well, including a limit of 13 ppt for PFOS. The EPA and many other states do not currently have a limit for PFOA. The EPA health advisory for PFOA and PFOS combined is 70 ppt.
  • The Township has detected PFOA over the NJDEP limit in some wells and is currently in violation at four wells. Public notices regarding these violations were mailed to all customers in September 2021 and December 2021.
  • The Township is committed to designing and constructing treatment at the affected well facilities as quickly as possible. We are working with NJDEP and retained the services of Mott MacDonald, our professional engineer, in this effort. In the meantime, the Township cannot meet the system demands without running some of the impacted wells. 
  • Please refer to our information center on this page with links to the NJDEP, EPA, and New Jersey Department of Health for more information regarding exposure to PFOA and other PFAS compounds and in-home treatment options.

December 2021

The following information was sent to all residential and business mail customers in December 2021:

Livingston Township December 2021 Letter to Livingston Water Customers (PDF)

NJ DEP Notice Regarding PFAS in Wells 4, 8, 10, 11 (PDF)

Additional Resources & Information

View all drinking water quality data collected by the Livingston Township Division of Water:

NJ Department of Environmental Protection:

US Environmental Protection Agency:

NSF International:

Environmental Working Group: